“…the Holy Spirit, as prosecuting attorney, exposes the sin of the world. He helps the believers in their witness, and strengthens and comforts them by his presence. He further explains the significance of Jesus’ person and ministry, functioning as the agent of revelation. In all these ministries the Holy Spirit is shown to be actively engaged (14.16, 17, 25; 15.26; 16.7-15)” (D. A. Carson, The Farewell Discourse and Final Prayer of Jesus: An Exposition of John 14-17, [Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1980], 51).
(9) The Power of the Holy Spirit
We believe that this salvation, attested in all Scripture and secured by Jesus Christ, is applied to his people by the Holy Spirit. Sent by the Father and the Son, the Holy Spirit glorifies the Lord Jesus Christ, and, as the “other” Paraclete, is present with and in believers. He convicts the world of sin, righteousness, and judgment, and by his powerful and mysterious work regenerates spiritually dead sinners, awakening them to repentance and faith, baptizing them into union with the Lord Jesus, such that they are justified before God by grace alone through faith alone in Jesus Christ alone. By the Spirit’s agency, believers are renewed, sanctified, and adopted into God’s family; they participate in the divine nature and receive his sovereignly distributed gifts. The Holy Spirit is himself the down payment of the promised inheritance, and in this age indwells, guides, instructs, equips, revives, and empowers believers for Christ-like living and service.