David King’s teaching is on the 9marks website and he calls it: “Faithful to the Text, Unfaithful to Jesus: Why your Old Testament Sermon Needs to get Saved.”
Notes on the lecture:
5 Exegetical and 4 Theological observations to interpret every text in light of Christ:
- Every part of the Old Testament points and leads to Jesus. Prophecies, promises, points, etc. Jesus taught this in Luke 24.
- (13:40) Old Testament texts that don’t contain explicit anticipation of Jesus are part of an Old Testament canon that by its very nature witnesses to him. John 5.39-40.
- (16:43) No Old Testament text can rightly be interpreted without understanding how it has been fulfilled in Jesus (Matt 5.17-18).
- (19:09) The apostles, consequently, having been taught by Jesus how to read the Bible adopted a broad prophetic understanding of the Old Testament (Matthew 2.15 – use of the OT in the NT)
- (21:11) The apostles encouraged reading the entire Old Testament as Christian Scripture (2 Timothy 3:15-17). Verse 15 controls verses 16-17.
- (24:45) Progressive revelation. Later revelation builds on (clarifies and refines) earlier revelation.
- (27:06) New Covenant. God relates to his people through covenants. “To preach from the Old Testament on its own terms [alone] is to make a serious hermeneutical error… We have no other way of relating to God today except through the New Covenant” (2 Cor 3).
- (29:10) Christ our mediator (1 Tim 2.5). Jesus is the middle part in the hour glass.
- (30:33) The telos for preaching governs the way you preach.
How would it look like practically (3 stages):
- (36:10) – Text – get the intended meaning of the text. What’s the main point of the passage? If you stop hear, you’re not ready to preach a Christian sermon.
- (37:20) – Christ – connect the text to the gospel. How does the main point of the passage find its fulfillment in Jesus? (1) promise [salvation promise or messianic prediction] (2) 39:48 – instruction [any time you read a general instruction know that Jesus kept those instructions – when you read the OT instructions you’re learning the shape of Jesus’ life and mind] (3) 44:20 – progression – how the story/text fit int he flow of redemptive story (4) 47:45 – need – how does this text show us our need for a Savior, whenever you see sin in the text (5) 49:20 – type – a theological shadow in which a greater reality is the substance (person, event, or institution). It is controlled by theological fulfillment. (6) 56:33 – theme – justice, love, wrath, etc. How does this theme find its fulfillment in Jesus?
- (1:04:17) – Us – 3 options: ratification – does it ratify an OT command? Then you preach it; modification – apply the truth after the gospel has altered it; nullification – did Jesus fulfill it and set it aside?