Monday Message: Faithful to the Text, Unfaithful to Jesus: Why your Old Testament Sermon Needs to get Saved

David King’s teaching is on the 9marks website and he calls it: “Faithful to the Text, Unfaithful to Jesus: Why your Old Testament Sermon Needs to get Saved.

Notes on the lecture:

5 Exegetical and 4 Theological observations to interpret every text in light of Christ:

  1. Every part of the Old Testament points and leads to Jesus. Prophecies, promises, points, etc. Jesus taught this in Luke 24.
  2. (13:40) Old Testament texts that don’t contain explicit anticipation of Jesus are part of an Old Testament canon that by its very nature witnesses to him. John 5.39-40.
  3. (16:43) No Old Testament text can rightly be interpreted without understanding how it has been fulfilled in Jesus (Matt 5.17-18).
  4. (19:09) The apostles, consequently, having been taught by Jesus how to read the Bible adopted a broad prophetic understanding of the Old Testament (Matthew 2.15 – use of the OT in the NT)
  5. (21:11) The apostles encouraged reading the entire Old Testament as Christian Scripture (2 Timothy 3:15-17). Verse 15 controls verses 16-17.
  6. (24:45) Progressive revelation. Later revelation builds on (clarifies and refines) earlier revelation.
  7. (27:06) New Covenant. God relates to his people through covenants. “To preach from the Old Testament on its own terms [alone] is to make a serious hermeneutical error… We have no other way of relating to God today except through the New Covenant” (2 Cor 3).
  8. (29:10) Christ our mediator (1 Tim 2.5). Jesus is the middle part in the hour glass.
  9. (30:33) The telos for preaching governs the way you preach.

How would it look like practically (3 stages):

  1. (36:10) – Text – get the intended meaning of the text. What’s the main point of the passage? If you stop hear, you’re not ready to preach a Christian sermon.
  2. (37:20) – Christ – connect the text to the gospel. How does the main point of the passage find its fulfillment in Jesus? (1) promise [salvation promise or messianic prediction] (2) 39:48 – instruction [any time you read a general instruction know that Jesus kept those instructions – when you read the OT instructions you’re learning the shape of Jesus’ life and mind] (3) 44:20 – progression – how the story/text fit int he flow of redemptive story (4) 47:45 – need – how does this text show us our need for a Savior, whenever you see sin in the text (5) 49:20 – type – a theological shadow in which a greater reality is the substance (person, event, or institution). It is controlled by theological fulfillment. (6) 56:33 – theme – justice, love, wrath, etc. How does this theme find its fulfillment in Jesus?
  3. (1:04:17) – Us – 3 options: ratification – does it ratify an OT command? Then you preach it; modification – apply the truth after the gospel has altered it; nullification – did Jesus fulfill it and set it aside?
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About pjtibayan

I love Jesus Christ and live to share life and share Jesus together with First Southern Baptist Church of Bellflower primarily to Southeast Los Angeles County.
This entry was posted in 9Marks, Audio/Video Recommendations, Biblical Theology, preaching. Bookmark the permalink.

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